FAQs for Artwork

1. What is an original print (lithograph, serigraph/silkscreen print, etching, engraving, linocut, woodblock and more)?

    The artist, or print master creates the print of the original artwork. Several factors makes it an original print:
    The artist is involved
    The artist is alive during that time period

      2. What is an original print (lithograph, serigraph/silkscreen print, etching, engraving, linocut, woodblock) ?

      These are authorized and authentic reproductions by the artist, or print master creates the print of the original artwork. Several factors makes it an original print.

      3. What is an vintage print | these are not print on demand ?

      The term vintage print is a loose term. Typically, these are old prints from the original artwork, photography, or drawing.

      It is when the artist is not involved in the printmaking process, For example, if the artist is not alive, the printer needs permission by their estate. Therefore, making these are authorized and authentic reproduction. In addition, it's used when there is an unknown print date. However, it is clear it is an old print. Some tell signs of a vintage prints (before 1990) :

      • The paper. 
      • If you see browning around the borders.
      •  When you see foxing ( brown small dots ), thick amount of dust, and or dirt

      4. What is a publisher's proof  | printers proof ?

      A publisher’s proof (PP) has a limited run by the printer/master printer. 
      In some cases, they can add more value to a print, or just the same as a artist proof (AP).
      Publisher proof edition sizes are very small runs; normally between 10 to 20 runs.
      They are not always numbered or dated. Here is one example 1/5 PP

      5. Who is New York Graphic Society | NYGS?

      New York Graphic Society (NYGS) was a publishing company owned and started by Anton Friedrich Schütz in 1925. He was a German-American artist known for his etchings.

      Collotypes, Serigraphs, Lithograph, and etc, are in fact reproductions. NYGS was known for printing and publishing the highest quality reproductions. They have had been quoted as being "the closes to the paintings," from many buyers and collectors.

      They are museum prints, or the artist approved the plates, and the artist approved the proofs as well. 

      These are not reproductions of today. As many people say, "they don't make them like they used too." These are high quality and rare works of art. The 
      reproductions have had the greatest minds in art and printing work on them.

      6. Why are some print dates, painting dates, and other information not available for the artist items ?

      The obtain this information is time consuming, costly, and tedious. Thanks to the united state copyright registry has made all copyright documents available online for public reviewing. However, the est. completion date ( from the last time I checked ) is 2020. This makes it easier for authentication. If the information is missing we was unable to obtain it from there database as of yet.

      7.What does after the artist mean for the artwork ?

      The work was made by another artist, based on an original work by the named artist.

      8. What does In the manner of mean for the artwork ?

      The work is done in the manner of the named artist but after their death.

      9. What does in His circle mean for the artwork?

      The work was made by another artist but during the lifetime of the named artist.

      10. What does a Replica mean for the artwork?

      The artist him/herself made this work as a replica of their own, previous original.

      11. What does Attributed to the artist mean for the artwork ?

      This is an original work, but is not prepared to guarantee this.

      12. What does in his studio mean for the artwork ?

      The work was made in the artist's studio and possibly under their supervision.

      13. What does Follower of mean ?

      The work was done in the manner of the named artist, during their lifetime or later.

      14. What does OOP mean ?

      The is the abbreviation for "out of print." The publishing company is not running any more editions. This could be for many reasons. 

      15. Who is SPADEM association ?

      They are the Société de la Propriété Artistique et des Dessins et Modules. SPADEM is a copyright protection and collection society in France formed by visual artists and their heirs. The organization defends the legal rights of artists, ensuring that they receive the credit and profit due to them from the sale and distribution of their works.

      16. What is a Collotype | Collograph?

      A collotype, also called Photocollography, is a photomechanical printing process that gives accurate high quality reproduction because no halftone screen is employed to break the images into dots.

      17. A poster print is NOT a lithograph or speciality reproduction

      A lithograph is a painstakingly chemical process. They are highly collectable and superior to a basic poster print.

      There are different types of lithographs and gravures. In Addition, they are also collotypes, etchings, engravings, serigraph, linocuts, etc

      Scott Lane from Colson Art Printing gives a fair non'bias explanation between a lithograph and giclee

      Link

      Disclaimer: I am not endorsed by Colson Art Printing. They gave the best visual example

      18. Things to know about a fine art reproduction | why?

      Fine art prints art documented in the catalogue ( some examples: U.S. Trademark, SPADEM,FCA,FAA,SPADEM,ADAGP, UNESCO) in the country where the artist lived. 

      Compare the measurements documented image ( ask the seller to provide the image size, "there are times I am lazy and I only put the paper/sheet size." 

      A good book is Goethe's to compare size, platemark, price and provenance. 

      Again, lithographs, silkscreens and woodcuts are usually measured by the image size itself (or by the total size of the sheet/paper if there are no margins).

      Heliogravure, photogravure, typogravure or collotype reproductions are often reproduced in a size smaller than the original, these are more valuable then lithographs and giclee

      19. How do we price for artwork ?

      Answers the questions, I can't see myself paying $375 for a reproduction? Millions of people been doing it for over 55 years. It is 

      a consistent trend......

      Pricing is based on [(retail) ~ year of production (inflation)] +/- condition × rarity = price

      Example: reproduction in 1966 sold wholesaled at $18 retail $30
      [$250] very good +50 = 300 x .25 (slightly) =
      $375

      We have publishers price sheets of how much the reproductions sold to market in that given year. Therefore, if a item sold for $12 In 1930, it does not sell for $12. There are inflation calculators apps and on the web. 

      Some pieces may be more or less: due to out dated copyrights (mass print on demand, availability, and recently sold)

      20. How to find information about an artist artwork | authentication ?

      Auction houses, galleries, collectors, and the public has access to the Catalogues raisonnés — it is free. It gives a scholarly compilations of an artist's body of work. The limitation is that it is only updated up to the 1980s.